Allah is the name Muslims use for the supreme and unique God, who created and rules everything. Muhammad pbuh was born around A. Muslims believe that Muhammad pbuh is the last in a line of prophets that includes Moses, Abraham, and Isa Jesus. Muhammad pbuh proclaimed that the Quran was the last Book of God, and that he himself was the last Prophet. Muhammad pbuh memorized and wrote down the words. Muhammad pbuh interpreted the words in his daily life. Therefore many of the things which Muhammad pbuh did and said were remembered and carefully recorded.
The stories and sayings help Muslims to understand the Quran and put what it teaches into practice in their daily lives. It is usually placed on a special wooden stand to be read. The Muslim building for communal worship is called a mosque. Muslims often refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid. The word comes from the Arabic for "place of prostration". Very often Mosques have a domed roof and a tall tower called a minaret.
Muslims are called to prayer from the minaret. The man who who enters the minaret and calls them to prayer is called a muezzin. In Britain , calling Muslims to pray this way is not allowed, so some Islamic communities broadcast the call to prayer on a radio frequency which Muslims can pick up in their homes and places of work using a small receiver.
There are no pictures or statues in a mosque. There is also very little furniture inside because Muslims use prayer mats for prayer.
When people go into the mosque they take off their shoes. This is to keep it clean for prayer. There is often a fountain or pool, or at least an area with water where people can wash wudu. Muslim wash their hands, mouth, throat, nose, ears, arms up to the elbow and feet.
This is a sacred wash that symbolises spiritual cleansing and purity in readiness for coming before God. There is always a quibla wall in a Mosque which is the one facing Makkah Mecca , it has an empty arch to signify the direction. It is important that Muslims always know the direction of Mecca. Women do not pray in the same place as men, there is usually a screened off area for them. On Friday at noon. All Muslims go to the mosque on Friday.
Is a special day for prayer. These are five duties that every Muslim is obliged to perform. The five pillars of Islam help Muslims put their faith into action. Mecca or Makkah is the birthplace of prophet Muhammad, peace is on him. All Muslims face the direction of the Kaaba during ritual prayer Salat. Muslims believe that the Kaaba is the holiest place on earth. It is generally thought to have been built by Prophet Abraham.
It is used only as a focal point for prayer not worshiped and simply signifies a direction, imposed by God to maintain unity and uniformity among worshipers. The Kaaba is draped with a black cloth, which is covered with Koranic verses that are embroidered in gold and silver thread.
During performing the Hajj ceremony a Muslim walks seven times around the Kaaba and then he or she kisses and touch the Black Stone. Every Muslim family, no matter where they live, knows what direction the Kaaba is from their house. Each period for prayer has a special name and each time is separated by two hours. These essential times are:. Shiites are the second-largest group. The Shiites split from the Sunnis in when Muhammad died.
Ramadan Ramadhan Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and a time when Muslims across the world will fast do not eat during the hours of daylight. The Muslim year is a lunar moon year, so Ramadan moves forward by ten or eleven days each year. The day Ramadan begins is decided by the sighting of the new moon.
Muslims believe that the gates of Heaven Jannah are open and the gates of Hell Jahanam are locked for the duration of Ramadan. Ramadan is a time of worship and contemplation. A time to strengthen family and community ties. Every Muslim is expected to fast from sunrise to sunset. Muslims must not eat or drink during daylight hours. During Ramadan Muslims get up early before dawn Fajr and have a light meal.
This time is known as Suhoor. At the end of each day Maghrib , Muslims traditionally break their fast with a meal called the iftar. Following the custom of Prophet Muhammad, the fast is often broken with dates, then followed by a prayer and dinner. Eid-ul-Fitr marks the breaking of the fast for Muslims at the end of Ramadan. Lasting three days, it is a time for family and friends to get together, for celebrating with good food and presents for children, and giving to charity.
Eid ul-Adha is the second most important festival in the Muslim calendar. It is to remember the time when Abraham was going to sacrifice his own son to prove obedience to God and marks the end of the Hajj , the annual pilgrimage to Makkah Mecca. Q Plagiarism free Contact us Sign in My account. Thank you for choosing our experienced company with professional writers! Below you may find the services we provide: Additional features that you can select.
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Help Teddy to find the Muslim symbols. The Five Pillars of Islam. Mosque and Synagogue virtual tours A detailed virtual tour of a Mosque in Derby, from the website of Sir Robert Hitcham's Primary School, Suffolk.
The Largest main World Religions in order are: Christianity: billion; Islam: billion; Hinduism: million; Buddhism: million; Sikhism: 23 million; Judaism: 14 million ; The Five Oldest main World Religions in order are: Hinduism - The oldest religion, it may date to prehistoric times.
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